Every ancient town has some distinctly unique features that make it different from any other town and easily recognizable. In this respect such towns are like human faces marked with profound personality. An ancient town's history can be traced through its ancient buildings, gates and walls if they are still standing. The city of Kyiv happens to be a place of venerable age whose history spans about fifteen hundred years, and it is but natural that it can boast a number of ancient buildings, though not so many as one would wish - the ravages of war and implacable time have taken their very heavy toll. It is quite impossible to imagine Kyiv without Holy Sophia Cathedral, St. Andrew's Church, the Golden Gate and, of course, the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra Monastery is a place of special attraction both to the layman and historian alike.
The Pechesrk Lavra Monastery (Pechersk stands for pechery, that is« caves» which are to be found in its territory and which early monks used to live in, and Lavra is an honorific title given to a monastery of extra-size and religious importance) came into being in the eleventh century and for nine centuries its territory was expanding with new buildings being added to it through the centuries. The architectural complex of the Monastery the way it looks today is truly grandiose. On a sunny day one is almost dazzled by the reflections from the innumerable golden domes above churches and belfries. Most of the buildings in the Monastery date from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and are excellent examples of Ukrainian Baroque style in architecture and there is only one church in the Monastery that has been preserved from the twelfth century with very few architectural changes introduced since then. The church sits above the main entrance gate of the Monastery and is consequently called Nadvratna - «the one above the gate». The full name of the church is Troitska Nadvratna Tserkva - «The Holy Trinity Church above the Gate». It is almost a miracle it has survived as the Monastery itself was throughout its history the object of so many enemy attacks, of devastating fires and of other crippling misfortunes.
It was built in 1106-1108 as a defensive tower above the main entrance gate of the Monastery. The church proper is on the second floor, right above the gate. The heavy pillars divide the interior of the church into three naves, each of them with a rounded apse at the eastern side (the apses are seen only from the inside - the exterior wall is flat). Built-in hollow spaces in the walls made the acoustics better and the whole structure lighter. Several narrow windows, piercing the walls, and the general visual upward movement of its architectural shapes create a feeling of uplifting lightness. The church in its design bears a clear imprint of the typical church construction of the eleventh-twelfth centuries widely spread throughout Kyivan Rus-Ukraine. At the end of the seventeenth and in the course of the eighteenth centuries it went through a considerable renovation after which it acquired its Ukrainian Baroque look. The changes introduced a new pare-shaped dome, new decorations and new wall paintings. The original ascetic look was superseded by Baroque playfulness.
18th CENTURY FRESCOES
1730s-1740s a group of painters from the Monastery's icon
school of painting decorated the church with frescoes in
tempera and oil. The subjects for all of the
wall-paintings were taken from the Bible but
ornamentation and colour arrangement were definitely
influenced by the Ukrainian folk art traditions. The
painters' names had remained unknown for a long time and
it was only recently that study of the archives revealed
is the partition with doors, adorned with icons, which
separates the bema of a church from the central nave. The
iconostasis of the Trinity Church above the Gate was
carved out of lime-tree wood in 1734 and gilded. The gilt
in combination with ornate ornamentation creates a
festive mood in the church. The icons were painted in the
style that reflects the style of the frescoes and follow
the lines set by the Monastery: the faces of the holy
personages and saints must show profound wisdom, heavenly
inspiration and unearthly serenity.
Based on the
materials supplied by
Illustrates to article.
[ Contents ] [ Previous ] [ Next ]